Luke 24 SCC 3/27/16
What do you believe this chapter is about? He is risen v 6; He was alive v 23; The lord has really risen v 34; rise again from the dead v 46. Luke is closing his argument to Theophilus verifying the truth of Jesus bodily resurrection from the dead. Here are several post resurrection appearances to verify that.†
TRUST THE EVIDENCE OF JESUS RESURRECTION AS THE BASIS OF YOUR FAITH 1-12
Here are the most likely sequences of events on resurrection Sunday.
1. There was an earthquake, an angel rolled away the stone and the guards were terrified (Matt 28:2).
2 The women came with prepared spices and found the tomb empty (Mark 16:1-4; Luke 24:1-3).
3. Mary Magdalene returned to tell Peter and John (John 20:1-2).
4. Meanwhile, the other women remained and saw two angels (Luke 24: 4-8).
5. Peter/John ran to the tomb, John arriving first but Peter went inside first (Luke 24:12: John 20:3-9).
6. Mary Magdelene returned and saw Jesus (the first resurrection appearance, Mark 16:9; John 20:11ff.
7. The other women of #2 saw Jesus on their way back to the city (second res appearance Matt 28:9).
8. The women who went to the tomb with spices in #2 gave a report to the 11 (Luke 24:9-11).
First, notice all that happened at the tomb on Sunday morning before Mary Magdelene was the first one to see Jesus. The group of women (Mary Magdalene and Joanna and Mary the mother of James; also the other women) were the first inside the tomb and the first to receive a revelation from God after Christís death v 1-3. It came through two angelís v 4-7. The point of the angels is one should take Jesus words of prophesy literally and actually describing what will really happen in the real world. Donít doubt or paraphrase the word of God.
Second, the women with them were telling these things to the apostles. But these words appeared to them as nonsense, and they would not believe them v 10-11. What a huge difference between the apostles here and any time after Acts 2 when they (a) witnessed the resurrected Christ and could trust the evidence as a basis for their faith [notice in verse 12 how they marvel at what they see, their faith began with the evidence.] and (b) their faith and courage changed when they were filled with the Holy Spirit.
NB: A literal resurrection is the basis of Christianity. Without a resurrection there is no Christianity. The OT and NT validate the necessity of the resurrection in order to have an eternal hope.
THE RESURRECTION OF JESUS CHRIST IS TO BE UNDERSTOOD LITERALLY 13-35 †
Jesus appeared to two of His disciples. One is named Cleopas (verse 18), the other may have been his wife (since Mary the wife of Cleopas is among the women at the cross Ė John 19:25). Jesus approached them but their eyes were prevented from recognizing Him v 16. Cleopas revealed 3 things about the trial and crucifixion:
1. Everyone in Jerusalem knew about Jesus and His crucifixion, that is it was a public objectively verifiable event v 18-20.
2. Jesusís followers were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel. That is, they saw Him as starting the kingdom, they had no expectation of the church age v 21.
3. They had researched and confirmed that the tomb was empty v 22-23. There are also three miracles here. (1) When their eyes were prevented from recognizing Him v 16; (2) When then their eyes were opened and they recognized Him v 31 and (3) When He vanished from their sight v 31.
NB: So Christianity is based both in the historically observable as well as the supernatural which was also historically verifiable. Christianity has a supernatural basis that is grounded in historically observable evidence. So we can expect Jesus supernatural return to earth to reign 1000 years. †
The only instruction Jesus gives the two on the road is in v 25-26. The statement is a reprimand for not believing the Old Testament scripture and taking their fulfillment literally (such as Isaiah 53 and Psalm 22). After Jesus disappeared they got up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found gathered together the eleven and those who were with them, saying, ďThe Lord has really risen and has appeared to Simon.Ē v 33-35. This is the only place this is mentioned in the gospels but Paul refers to it in 1 Corinthians 15:5. It seems that after Jesus appeared to Mary Magdelene and some other women, he also appeared to Peter.
THE RESURRECTION IS BASED IN OBJECTIVELY VERIFIABLE EVIDENCE 36-49
This happened in the same place as the two from Emmaus were giving their report v 36. This time they recognized Jesus but thought He was a ghost v 37. Jesus then demonstrated four things about His glorified body: 1. He could appear and disappear instantly. 2. He was like our flesh and bones (He could be touched; your hand would not just pass through Him like a holograph). 3. He could eat regular food. 4. He had the scars of the crucifixion, but apparently none of the other scars (say, from the crown of thorns or the scourging). Then Jesus taught about three subjects: First, all the prophesy about Him must be fulfilled including His death and resurrection v 44. Second, repentance for forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in His name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem v 46-47 and third, they would be clothed with power from on high while still in Jerusalem v 48-49.
NB: Notice once again the connection between evidence and faith. Faith is trusting objective verifiable evidence v 38-39. Jesusí solution to their doubts was objectively verifiable evidence. Then Jesus tells them it would have been better if they had believed in the sense of trusting the evidence from the Old Testament v 44. So the OT is a source of verifiable historical evidence that can be trusted to be the truth.
Next Jesus gives what is essentially the great commission v 47. This was no longer a message to the Jews about Him being their Messiah. This was a message of 1. repentance for forgiveness of sins not keeping the Mosaic Law, and 2. that the gospel would be proclaimed in His name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem not just to the Jews in the land of Israel. Also 3. You are witnesses of these things sending forth the promise of My Father upon you to take the gospel into the world v 48-49; but 4. you are to stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high that witness requires the HS. Then v 50-53 becomes Lukeís transition to his volume two, the book of Acts v 50-53 (Acts 1:3-5, 12).
1. Short-term pretense is not lying when the objective is to reveal the truth. Jesus pretended to be someone who did not know what had happened concerning His trial and death. He also pretended to go further down the road so they would invite Him in. This is the opposite of a lie, which is a deception that is intended to hide the truth.
2. Donít try to understand what God has not said. Luke told us that on the road to Emmaus Jesus explained to them the things concerning Himself in all the Scriptures, but Luke does not tell us what those things were. So apparently we donít need to know. Therefore, we should not guess. Types of Christ are only certain when identified as such.
3. The resurrection is not a myth but an historical observable evidential reality. The Word of God is to be understood from an historical grammatical view of reality. Our faith is rooted in observable evidence not mythical figures of fictitious nature. These are real people experiencing real situations grounded in real history conveyed in grammatical nature.